Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) can be used to treat older adolescents who have chronic suicidal feelings/thoughts, engage in intentionally self-harmful behaviors, or have Borderline Personality Disorder. DBT emphasizes taking responsibility for one’s problems and helps the person examine how they deal with conflict and intense negative emotions. This often involves a combination of group and individual sessions.
The theory behind the approach is that some people are prone to react in a more intense and out-of-the-ordinary manner toward certain emotional situations, primarily those found in romantic, family and friend relationships. DBT theory suggests that some people’s arousal levels in such situations can increase far more quickly than the average person’s, attain a higher level of emotional stimulation, and take a significant amount of time to return to baseline arousal levels.
The 4 Modules of Dialectical Behavior Therapy
Observe, Describe, and Participate are the core mindfulness “what” skills. They answer the question, “What do I do to practice core mindfulness skills?”
These skills include effective strategies for asking what one needs, how to assertively say ‘no,’ and learning to cope with inevitable interpersonal conflict. The skills taught are intended to maximize the chances that a person’s goals in a specific situation will be met, while at the same time not damaging either the relationship or the person’s self-respect.
Distress tolerance skills constitute a natural development from mindfulness skills. They have to do with the ability to accept, in a non-evaluative and nonjudgmental fashion, both oneself and the current situation. Distress tolerance behaviors are concerned with tolerating and surviving crises and with accepting life as it is in the moment. Four sets of crisis survival strategies are taught: distracting, self-soothing, improving the moment, and thinking of pros and cons.
Dialectical behavior therapy skills for emotion regulation include:
Since the development of Dialectical Behavior Therapy, it has also been used for the treatment of other kinds of mental health disorders.
Caribbean Mountain Academy’s trained counselors and licensed therapist can help your teen. Please consider the safe learning environment, and effective therapy that we offer to help your young teen heal, and improve their life and behavior back at home. Give us a call now to see if Caribbean Mountain Academy would be the best option for your struggling teen. 866-318-7392.
For more information on this topic, visit American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatryhttps://psychcentral.com/lib/an-overview-of-dialectical-behavior-therapy/